Tonsils are lymph nodes. a It is one on each side behind your mouth. Among other tasks, it also has to filter harmful microorganisms that enter the mouth. But when too many bacteria enter, they cannot resist, they become inflamed and swollen. This is called tonsillitis (tonsillitis). It is very common, especially among children.
Symptoms of Tonsil Inflammation
Symptoms of tonsillitis are similar to the flu. The first symptom is a sore throat that makes swallowing difficult. The tonsils become visibly red and swollen. Spot-shaped areas of inflammation can also be seen on the inflamed tonsils. Regional lymph nodes (such as those under the chin and neck) may become enlarged and tender.
Fever and chills, chills
Painful glands in the throat and jaw
pain while swallowing
Your child may have one or more of these symptoms of tonsillitis. If you look at your child's throat, you can see that the tonsils are red and swollen. Sometimes, the tonsils may appear to be covered with a white or yellow substance. However, you may not know if your child's tonsils are inflamed; If you suspect tonsillitis, consult your doctor.
Causes of Tonsil Inflammation
Its frequency increases in diseases such as passive cigarette smoke at home, nutritional deficiencies, lack of vaccines, some anatomical features, syndromes such as Down syndrome, gastroesophageal reflux, going to kindergarten, lack of breastfeeding, neurological and immunological diseases. Bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites can cause tonsillitis.
Diagnosis of Tonsil Inflammation
See your doctor if the symptoms of tonsillitis last longer than 48 hours, or if you or your child have a history of recurrent tonsillitis. After the examination, your doctor will take a culture sample to understand whether the causative agent of the disease is beta streptococcus bacteria.
Tonsillitis is quite common nowadays. If left untreated, tonsillitis must be treated, as it can lead to abscess formation around the tonsils.
Tonsil Inflammation Treatment
If you or your child experience symptoms of tonsillitis, get plenty of rest, eat soft foods, and drink watery foods that will soothe your throat. Gargling with warm salt water reduces pain.
If there is a bacterial infection, your doctor may recommend taking antibiotics by mouth (for about 10 days). Symptoms go away in a few days. Some strains of streptococcal bacteria cause nephritis (kidney inflammation) or rheumatism. For this, antibiotic treatment should be continued for the necessary time.
When Is Surgery Necessary?
Thanks to antibiotics, the standard treatment of every tonsillitis is no longer surgery, as it used to be. However, in case of recurrent sore throat and tonsillitis, this should be evaluated by a doctor.
Your doctor will recommend tonsil surgery if one or more of the following conditions are present.
Enlarged tonsils to prevent your child's breathing,
If your child has difficulty swallowing,
Frequent sore throat
Frequent recurrent throat inflammation
Tonsillitis, otitis media, sinusitis, etc. cause complications such as
What Happens During Tonsil Surgery (tonsillectomy)?
Any surgery, no matter how frequent or seemingly simple, is often frightening for children and parents. You can help your child prepare for surgery by telling them what to expect.
In tonsil surgery, your child will be put to sleep using general anesthesia. This means that the surgery will be performed in an operating room and your child will be monitored by an anesthesiologist during the surgery.
Your child will sleep for about 20-30 minutes. There is no need to make an incision in the skin for tonsil surgery. The surgeon will remove the tonsils by making some incisions and stop the bleeding.
Your child will wake up in the recovery room. Generally, the total hospital stay is between 5-10 hours. Children who do not start to take adequate liquid food, who are under the age of 3, and who have a persistent illness such as fainting attacks may stay in the hospital for one night.
Our Clinical Information
He was born in 1981 in Zile district of Tokat. Starting primary school at Rize Atatürk Primary School, Dr. Deniz Yazıcı continued his education life in the Ergani district of Diyarbakır, since his father's place of duty changed since the 4th grade of primary school.